Friday, October 19, 2018

Research Methods That Are Commonly Used For Social Sciences

The research method is a very broad term and it refers to all the tools that are necessary to conduct an effective research. The core elements of a research method are data collection and data analysis. A research method provides a complete detail to the students how to design your research. This research method also provides a clear idea to the students about the research principles of a research. If you are not able to choose a possible research method for your social sciences dissertation, then you can get help from experts of dissertation writing services. Research methods that are commonly used for social sciences are given below; 

1) Quantitative research methods

The quantitative research method is also known as a secondary research method. A quantitative research method is an essential form of data collection for social sciences. If you have adopted a quantitative research method to gather the data for your social sciences, then you will have to read out the secondary resources like library books, journal articles, and government surveys etc. There involve five steps to gather the data by adopting quantitative research methodology. First of all, you will have to identify the topic of research. Secondly, you will have to identify research sources. The famous research sources to gather the secondary data are data available on the internet, government and non-government agencies, public libraries, educational institutions, and commercial information sources. Thirdly, you will have to collect the existing data. Fourthly, you will have the combine and compare the available data. At last, you will have to analyze the data.

2) Qualitative research methods

Qualitative research methodology is also known as a primary research methodology. A qualitative research methodology is based on the raw material only. The data that is gathered by adopting a qualitative research methodology is just according to the needs of the research. Its reason is that it requires the deep involvement of the researcher. No doubt, a qualitative research methodology is an expensive research methodology and it requires a huge amount of time. The major primary resources to gather the data for social sciences are explained below;

A) First of all, there come social surveys. With the help of social surveys, we can easily gather the data from a larger group of people by devising questionnaire.

B) The second type is known as experiments. With the help of experiments, we can easily get an idea about the effects that a variable has on another variable.

C) The third type is known as an interview. It is an effective way to gather the data from a large group of people by asking some oral questions.

D) The fourth type is known as structured questions. This method is essential for the students in order to gather the answers to the standardized and typically close questions.

E) The fifth type is known as participant observation. With the help of participant observation, it is easy for researchers to gather essential information about a particular group of people by becoming an active part of that group.

F) Ethnographies and case studies are also some essential secondary resources to gather the data for social sciences.

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